The donor site is the area from where follicle is taken out. It is basically chosen from the back of head whereas recipient side is actually the place where hair loss has taken place or where hair transplant is needed. In other words, we can say that hair transplant surgery is a technique of moving hair follicles from one part of the body to the area where hair transplant is required.
Hair transplant surgery requires an initial step of shaving scalp and an injection to numb the back of the head. It is done so that the follicles can be taken out from that area. There are two procedures of hair transplant surgery namely: (i) Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS) and (ii) Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). Method is selected by doctor on observing the necessity and suitability.
After the back scalp is shaved and injected the follicular units are extracted one by one. The extracted follicles are then inserted or injected in the pre-prepared slits in angular way on the area suffering with hair loss or baldness. There are other processes involved too before injecting of follicles. Once the follicles are injected, they come into a resting phase after which they fall out in several weeks. However, as the follicles are already inside the scalp they remain healthy and at a span o4 03 months to 4 months they start producing quality hair.
Hence, this is a brief outline to hair transplant surgery as in, the procedure followed. It varies under various circumstances pertaining to medications and prescription however, the hair transplant surgery method is same.